What are we talking about? The country of the gods, the birthplace of philosophy, theatre and the Olympic Games. Of course, Greece, this unique land and its people, whose achievements formed the basis of European culture.
Preserved to this day, monuments of the spiritual and material culture of Ancient Greece prove the justice of its high position in the world-historical process because its ascent began 4000 years ago. Even the ruins of ancient architecture amaze with their beauty and grandeur. Draw in your imagination the beauty of more than 60 inhabited islands, sea bays and cosy bays, and you will want to see all this in reality and absorb all the fantastic history of Greece.
Today Greece, despite all the economic problems in the country, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.
Athos is a point on the map of the Earth and also a spiritual state in the image of the Vatican. A holy place for Orthodox pilgrims. Male monastic republic, 1400 monks live here in 20 Orthodox monasteries. Here you can not swim and sunbathe or shoot on video, and the entrance to this holy mountain is strictly controlled, although women are strictly forbidden to enter here. But all this is not important because the Mother of God herself rules the island, and it is she who will take care of the purification of your thoughts and soul. Athos is not only a mountain but also a peninsula in northern Greece, Macedonia.
Lindos – a village on the island of Rhodes
The small village of Lindos, which seems to have just come out of the Middle Ages, is in the east of the island of Rhodes. There is an ancient acropolis; you can see the medieval Venetian walls. The village’s architecture is an example of the unique architecture of traditional Greece, with white houses and cobblestone streets. The Lindos Acropolis rises above the town, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding port and coastline. Lindos beach is just a few minutes walk from the city centre.
Samaria Gorge is located southwest of the island of Crete. Samaria is the longest gorge in Europe, and its length is more than 16 kilometres. Such a walk takes 4 to 7 hours and passes through a forest of ancient cypresses and pines, then between the steep cliffs and the Libyan Sea. A paradise for lovers of wild hiking. The gorge is a national reserve. There is a rare species of wild goat Kri-Kri; rare plants grow here that can not be picked. More than a quarter of a million tourists travel through this gorge annually.
Myrtos beach has gained worldwide fame due to the magical colour of the water. Myrtos is called the hallmark of Greece. This paradise is located on the shores of the Ionian Sea, northwest of Kefalonia. In addition to the water, the beach is famous for the extremely bright white colour of the sand and pebbles, with which the turquoise and blue water contrast. Small caves overlooking the sea only add to the beauty of the beach.
One of the main attractions of the ancient city of Delphi is the old theatre of Delphi, located on the legendary Mount Parnassus. This temple of art was built in the 5th century BC and can accommodate almost seven thousand spectators. Performances are shown for tourists according to the traditions of ancient Greek theatre. In ancient times Delphi was the most important religious place, as according to history, the spacious sanctuary belonged to Apollo. The theatre was built on a hill, allowing the audience to view the breathtaking landscape from below.
Monasteries – Meteora
The monastery complex of Meteora, located on the tops of the cliffs in the mountains of Thessaly, translates as “the one that hangs in the air”. The first hermits settled here in the 10th century, and monasteries began to be built in the 14th century. How were these Christian monasteries built at such a height and even on cliffs? This mystery is worth touching today. There are six such monasteries – Meteors in central Greece. Access to the monasteries was difficult, either long ladders were needed to climb up, or large nets were needed to lift food and necessary goods and things.
Mykonos is not just a Greek island; it is one of the main attractions of Greece. Mykonos is located in the Aegean Sea. Part of the Cyclades archipelago, a beautiful place where the gods are believed to live. The island has charming symbols attract tourists: windmills, pelicans and white houses with blue shutters. A popular vacation spot for celebrities and wealthy people. The city of Mykonos (Chora) is a stunningly picturesque Cycladic city with a maze of streets and intense nightlife, as evidenced by the huge number of bars and nightclubs.
Parthenon on the top of the Acropolis
The Parthenon is called no other than the Dwelling of the Virgin. The temple was built in 447 BC in honour of the Athena Parthenos. Even its ruins amaze the imagination of tourists. A fine example of a Doric temple of Pentelican marble. Parthenon is located on top of the Acropolis of Athens. To be at the walls of the Parthenon – means to touch the deep layers of world history. The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis is one of the most famous sights of Greece, and a visit to Athens will not be complete without visiting this temple. During its long life, the Parthenon served as a temple, fortress, church, mosque and even as a gunpowder cellar.
Santorini is one of the most beautiful islands of volcanic origin in the Aegean Sea. It is a whole group of islands of the Cyclades, the location of which resembles a ring. The name speaks of ancient history – Fira, Aspro, Palea Kameni, Tiras and Nea Kameni. Tourists can see the ruins of the city of Minoan times and touch the unique Christian churches, of which there are more than 300. Nowhere else will you see such sunsets, amazingly white houses and even an active volcano. Fira, the capital of Santorini, has absorbed Venetian and Cycladic architecture, with the usual bustle of cobbled streets, shops, taverns, hotels and cafes. The incredible thing is that this city clings to the edge of a 400-meter cliff.
Lacedaemon, as Sparta is most often called, is another attraction of the Peloponnese peninsula. Tourists enthusiastically visit the Temple of Athena Halkioikos, the Rotunda and the Theater, which has been preserved since the times of the ancient Spartans. The ancient history preserved in this fantastic example of an aristocratic state is described in the Iliad. It was the Spartan army that glorified not only this place, but also the style of upbringing of the younger generation, their physical maturation and that is where the name came from – Spartan education, that is, hardening and endurance – that is the main meaning of this approach to the formation of real warriors.